Passion Week Events

Palm Sunday

– Christ enters Jerusalem: Mat 21:1-11; Mar 11:1-10; Luk 19:28-44; Jhn 12:12-19

Monday

– The second cleansing of the temple: Mat 21:12-17; Mar 11:15-18; Luk 19:45-48

Tuesday

– The barren fig tree: Mat 21:18-22; Mar 11:11-14, 19-23

– The questioning of the chief priests: Mat 21:23-27; Mar 11:27-33; Luk 20:1-8

– Parable of the two sons: Mat 21:28-32

– Parable of the wicked husbandmen: Mat 21:33-46; Mar 12:1-12; Luk 20:9-18

– The tribute money: Mat 22:15-22; Mar 12:13-17; Luk 20:20-26

– The Sadducees confuted: Mat 22:23-33; Mar 12:18-27; Luk 20:27-40

– The great commandment: Mat 22:34-40; Mar 12:28-34

– David’s Son and David’s Lord: Mat 22:41-46; Mar 12:35-37; Luk 20:41-44

– The hypocrisy and ambition of the Pharisees: Mat 23:1-39; Mar 12:38-40; Luk 20:45-47

– The widow’s mite: Mar 12:41-44; Luk 21:1-4

– Christ’s second coming foretold: Mat 24:1-51; Mar 13:1-37; Luk 21:5-36

– Parable of the ten virgins: Mat 25:1-13

– The last judgment: Mat 25:31-46

– Greeks visit Jesus. Voice from heaven: Jhn 12:20-36

– The judgment of unbelief: Jhn 12:37-50

– Last passover. Conspiracy of Jews: Mat 26:1-5; Mar 14:1,2; Luk 22:1,2

– Judas Iscariot: Mat 26:14-16; Mar 14:10, 11; Luk 22:3-6

Thursday

– Paschal supper: Mat 26:17-30; Mar 14:12-26; Luk 22:7-23; Jhn 13:1-35

– Contention of the apostles: Luk 22:24-30

– Peter’s fall foretold: Mat 26:31-35; Mar 14:27-31; Luk 22:31-39; Jhn 13:36-38

– Last discourse. The departure. The Comforter: Jhn 14:1-31

– The vine and the branches. Abiding in love: Jhn 15:1-27

– Work of the Comforter in the disciples: Jhn 16:1-33

– The prayer of Christ for them: Jhn 17:1-26

– Gethsemane: Mat 26:36-46; Mar 14:32-42; Luk 22:40-46; Jhn 18:1

Good Friday

– The betrayal: Mat 26:47-56; Mar 14:43-52; Luk 22:47-53; Jhn 18:2-11

– Christ before Annas and Caiaphas. Peter’s denial: Mat 26:57, 58, 69-75; Mar 14:53, 54, 66-72; Luk 22:54-65; Jhn 18:12-27

– Christ before the sanhedrin: Mat 26:59-68; Mar 14:55-65; Luk 22:66-71

– Christ before Pilate: Mat 27:1, 2, 11-14; Mar 15:1-5; Luk 23:1-6; Jhn 18:12-28

– The traitor’s death: Mat 27:3-10

– Christ before Herod: Luk 23:7-12

– Accusation and condemnation: Mat 27:15-26; Mar 15:6-15; Luk 23:13-25; Jhn 18:29; 19:16

– Treatment by the soldiers: Mat 27:27-31; Mar 15:16-20; Luk 23:36,37; Jhn 19:1-3

– The crucifixion: Mat 27:32-38; Mar 15:21-28; Luk 23:26-34; Jhn 19:17-24

– The mother of Jesus at the cross: Jhn 19:25-27

– Mockings and railings: Mat 27:39-44; Mar 15:29-32; Luk 23:35-39

– The penitent malefactor: Luk 23:40-43

– The death of Christ: Mat 27:50; Mar 15:37; Luk 23:46; 19:28-30

– Darkness and other portents: Mat 27:45-53; Mar 15:33-38; Luk 23:44,45

– The bystanders: Mat 27:54-56; Mar 15:39-41; Luk 23:47-49

– The side pierced: Jhn 19:31-37

– The burial: Mat 27:57-61; Mar 15:42-47; Luk 23:50-56; Jhn 19:38-42

– The guard of the sepulchre: Mat 27:62-66; 28:11-15

Resurrection Sunday

– The resurrection: Mat 28:1-10; Mar 16:1-11; Luk 24:1-12; Jhn 20:1-18

Seven Ways To Read The Bible

1. Read The Bible With An Honest Desire To Understand It

“How sweet are your words to my taste, sweeter than honey to my mouth! I gain understanding from your precepts; therefore I hate every wrong path.” (Ps 119:103-104)

Don’t be content to just read the words of Scripture. Seek to understand the message they contain.

2. Read The Bible With A Simple Faith And Humility

“I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has crossed over from death to life.” (Jhn 5:24)

Believe what God reveals and rest in His promises.

3. Read The Bible With A Spirit Of Obedience And Self-Application

Do not merely listen to the word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says. But the man who looks intently into the perfect law that gives freedom, and continues to do this, not forgetting what he has heard, but doing it—he will be blessed in what he does. (Jam 1:22,25)

Apply what God says to yourself and obey His will in all things.

4. Read The Bible With Every Day

“Those who hope in the LORD will renew their strength. They will soar on wings like eagles; they will run and not grow weary, they will walk and not be faint.” (Isa 40:31)

We quickly lose the nourishment and strength of yesterday’s Word. We must feed our souls the manna God has given us daily.

5. Read The Bible In Its Entirety

“All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness.” (2 Tim 3:16)

Read the entire Bible, a portion every day, comparing Scripture with Scripture.

6. Read The Bible In Context And Interpret Scripture With Scripture

“You are in error because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God.” (Matt 22:29)

Read Scripture in its context, and use related Scripture to help interpret a passage’s meaning.

7. Read The Bible With Christ As The Centerpiece

“Beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself.” (Luk 24:27)

The whole Book is about Him. Look for Him on every page. He is there. If you fail to see Him there, you need to read that page again.

Emergency Bible Numbers

– When you are sad, call on John 14

– When you don’t feel loved, call on Romans 8:38-39

– When you have sinned, call on 1 John 1:8-9

– When you are facing danger, call on Psalm 91

– When people have failed you, call on Psalm 27

– When God feel far from you, call on Psalm 139

– When your faith needs encouraging, call on Hebrews 11

– When you are scared, call on Psalm 23

– When you are worried, call on Matthew 6:25-34

– When you are hurt, call on Colossians 3:12-17

– When you feel no one is on your side, call on Romans 8:31-39

– When you are seeking rest, call on Matthew 11:25-30

– When you are suffering, call on Romans 8:18-30

– When you feel you’re failing, call on Psalm 121

– When you pray, call on Matthew 6:9-13

– When you need courage, call on Joshua 1

– When you are in need, call on Philippians 4:19

– When you are hated because of your faith, call on John 15

– When you are losing hope, call on 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17

– When you are seeking peace, call on John 14:27

– When you want to do good works, call on John 15

– When you want to live a happy life, call on Colossians 3:12-17

– When you don’t understand what God is doing, call on Isaiah 55:8-9

– When you want to get along with others, call on Romans 12:9-21

What Does “Selah” Mean?

The word “Selah” occurs seventy-three times in the Psalms, and is found also in Hab 3:3,9,13. The exact meaning of the word is unknown, but it’s believed by many scholars to be a musical term that means to pause, or reflect. For example, in Psalm 32:5 we read:

“Then I acknowledged my sin to you and did not cover up my iniquity. I said, “I will confess my transgressions to the LORD”– and you forgave the guilt of my sin. Selah”

So when we see “Selah” it means we should pause and reflect on these words.

An Overview Of The Bible

The Bible is one book. Seven great marks attest this unity.

1) From Genesis the Bible bears witness to one God. Wherever he speaks or acts he is consistent with himself, and with the total revelation concerning him.

2) The Bible forms one continuous story — the story of how humanity relates to God.

3) The Bible makes the most unlikely predictions concerning the future, and, when the centuries have brought round the appointed time, records their fulfillment.

4) The Bible is a progressive unfolding of truth. Nothing is told all at once. The law is, “first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn.” Without the possibility of collusion, often with centuries between, one writer of Scripture takes up an earlier revelation, adds to it, lays down the pen, and in due time another man moved by the Holy Spirit, and another, and another, add new details till the whole is complete.

5) From beginning to end the Bible testifies to one redemption.

6) From beginning to end the Bible has one great theme — the person and work of the Christ.

7) And, finally, these writers, some forty-four in number, writing through twenty centuries, have produced a perfect harmony of doctrine in progressive unfolding. This is, to every candid mind, the unanswerable proof of the divine inspiration of the Bible.

The Bible is a book of books. Sixty-six books make up the one Book.

Speaking broadly there are five great divisions in the Scriptures, Christ being the one theme (Luke 24:25-27).

1) Preparation For Christ — The Old Testament

2) Appearance Of Christ — The Gospels

3) Preaching Of Christ — Acts

4) Explaining Christ’s Works — The Epistles

5) Christ Judging The World — Revelation

In other words, the Old Testament is the preparation for Christ. In the Gospels he is manifested to the world. In the Acts his preached. In the Epistles his Gospel is explained. And in Revelation all the purposes of God in and through Christ are consummated.

And these groups of books fall into sub-groups. This is especially true of the Old Testament, where there are four well defined groups:

REDEMPTION:
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

ORGANIZATION
Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1,2 Samuel, 1,2 Kings, 1,2 Chronicles, Ezra,
Nehemiah, Esther

POETRY
Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon

SERMONS
Lamentations, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zehpaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

Genesis is the book of beginnings, and explains the origin of Israel. Exodus tells the story of the deliverance of Israel; Leviticus of the worship of Israel as delivered people; Numbers the wanderings and failures of the delivered people, and Deuteronomy warns and instructs that people in view of their approaching entrance upon their inheritance.

The Poetical books record the spiritual experiences of the redeemed people in the varied scenes and events through which the providence of God led them.

The prophets were inspired preachers, and the prophetical books consist of sermons with brief connecting and explanatory passages. Two prophetical books, Ezekiel and Daniel, have a different character and are apocalyptic, largely.

The Bible tells the Human Story.

Beginning with the creation of the earth and man, the story of the first human pair continues through the first eleven chapters of Genesis.

With the twelfth chapter begins the history of Abraham and of the nation of which Abraham was the ancestor. It is that nation, Israel, with which the Bible narrative is mainly concerned with from the eleventh chapter of Genesis to the second chapter of the Acts of the Apostles.

The Gentiles are mentioned, but only in connection with Israel. But it is made increasingly clear that Israel fills the scene only because they are entrusted with the accomplishment of great world-wide purposes (Deuteronomy 7:7). The appointed mission of Israel was:

1) To be a witness to the unity of God in the midst of idolatry (Deuteronomy 6:5; Isaiah 43:10)

2) To illustrate to the nations the greater blessedness of serving the one true God (Deuteronomy 33:26-29; 1 Chronicles 17:20,21; Psalms 102:15

3) To receive and preserve the Divine revelation (Romans 3:1,2)

4) To produce the Messiah, earth’s Savior and Lord (Romans 9:4). The prophets foretell a glorious future for Israel under the reign of Christ.

The Central Theme of the Bible is Christ.

It is Jesus Christ — “God manifest in the flesh” (1 Timothy 3:16) — his sacrificial death, and his resurrection, which makes up the Gospel. All earlier Scripture points forward to Him leads, while all following Scripture points back to Him.

The Gospel is preached in the Acts and explained in the Epistles. Christ, Son of God, Son of man, Son of Abraham, Son of David, thus binds the many books into one Book.

Seed of the woman (Genesis 3:15) he is the ultimate destroyer of Satan and his works; Seed of Abraham he is the world’s Blesser; Seed of David he is Israel’s King. “Desire of all Nations.”

Exalted to the right hand of God he is “head over all to the Church, which is his body.”

Meanwhile the Church looks for the fulfillment of his special promise: “I will come again and receive you unto myself” (John 14:1-3).

Your Guide To The New Testament

A brief summary of each book of the New Testament along with links to read the books and Thru The Bible’s study notes and outlines.

Matthew

Summary: Jesus the Son of God and Lord according to Old Testament promise.

Read Matthew | Download Matthew Study Guide

Mark

Summary: Jesus is the Savior who meets Man’s needs.

Read Mark | Download Mark Study Guide

Luke

Summary: The Son of Man in His service to the world. The world’s Savior.

Read Luke | Download Luke Study Guide

John

Summary: The deity and moral perfection of the Son of God.

Read John | Download John Study Guide

Acts

Summary: What Christ continued to do and to teach by His Spirit in the Apostles. How the Church was gathered and built. The Progress of the Kingdom.

Read Acts | Download Acts Study Guide

Romans

Summary: How Man can be Justified before God.

Read Romans | Download Romans Study Guide

1 Corinthians

Summary: Church order and discipline. Our relationship to each other in the Church.

Read 1 Corinthians | Download 1 Corinthians Study Guide

2 Corinthians

Summary: Christian ministry in different circumstances. Our relationship to the world.

Read 2 Corinthians | Download 2 Corinthians Study Guide

Galatians

Summary: Christian blessing and liberty compared to the Law.

Read Galatians | Download Galatians Study Guide

Ephesians

Summary: Christ and His Church

Read Ephesians | Download Ephesians Study Guide

Philippians

Summary: Christian joy in all circumstances.

Read Philippians | Download Philippians Study Guide

Colossians

Summary: Christ as the Church’s Head.

Read Colossians | Download Colossians Study Guide

1 Thessalonians

Summary: Christ coming to and for the Church.

Read 1 Thessalonians | Download 1 Thessalonians Study Guide

2 Thessalonians

Summary: Christ coming with His Saints. The Eternal Judgment of Unbelievers.

Read 2 Thessalonians | Download 2 Thessalonians Study Guide

1 Timothy

Summary: Church order according to God.

Read 1 Timothy | Download 1 Timothy Study Guide

2 Timothy

Summary: Church disorder.

Read 2 Timothy | Download 2 Timothy Study Guide

Titus

Summary: Christian Qualification for the ministry and godly conduct.

Read Titus | Download Titus Study Guide

Philemon

Summary: Christian Love.

Read Philemon | Download Philemon Study Guide

Hebrews

Summary: Christ our Priest, Sacrifice, and Witness.

Read Hebrews | Download Hebrews Study Guide

James

Summary: Christianity lived out.

Read James | Download James Study Guide

1 Peter

Summary: Christian hope in times of trial.

Read 1 Peter | Download 1 Peter Study Guide

2 Peter

Summary: Knowledge of Christ

Read 2 Peter | Download 2 Peter Study Guide

1 John

Summary: Believe on the name of the Son of God.

Read 1 John | Download 1 John Study Guide

2 John

Summary: Christ the Truth and guarding against heresy.

Read 2 John | Download 2 John Study Guide

3 John

Summary: Christian Hospitality to the saints

Read 3 John | Download 3 John Study Guide

Jude

Summary: Apostasy traced down to the Last Days.

Read Jude | Download Jude Study Guide

Revelation

Summary: Things to Come.

Read Revelation | Download Revelation Study Guide

The Gospel of John: Christ is God

In this study we’re going to wrap up our series on how Old Testament messianic themes are presented in the Gospels.

We began with the Gospel of Matthew, which presents Christ as King. Then we looked at the Gospel of Mark, which presents Christ as the Suffering Servant. Next, we looked at the Gospel of Luke, which presents Christ as Perfect Man. In this study we’ll finish up by looking at the Gospel of John, which presents Christ as God.

Christ, the Devine Messiah

The Old Testament makes it very clear that it’s God alone who saves us from the judgment of sin. He is the only Savior. “I, even I, am the Lord, and apart from me there is no savior,” God tells us in Isaiah 43:11. And again in Isaiah 63:16, “You, O LORD, are our Father; Our Redeemer from Everlasting is Your name.”

Likewise, the Messiah is described as an eternal being in Micah 5:2. He comes to His temple in Malachi 3:1, and is sent by the Father and Holy Spirit in Isaiah 48:12,16-17. He is called the Mighty God in Isaiah 9:6.

This is the Divine Messiah presented in the Gospel of John.

John calls Jesus “The Word” and tells us the Word is God in John 1:1. He is the creator of all things in John 1:3.

In John 5 Jesus is almost killed for declaring Himself equal with God in verse 18. He claims to see God and is shown all things by Him in verses 19-20. He claims to be the final judge of all in verse 22.

Jesus commands that all honor the Son just as they honor the Father in verse 23. He claims He’ll one day raise the dead in verse 25 and claims His will is identical to the Father’s in verse 30.

Chapter 10 finds Jesus nearly stoned again claiming to be God. In chapter 19 He is crucified because He claimed to be the Son of God. But in chapter 20 Jesus’ tomb is empty because He is God and death cannot contain Him!

The Gospel of Luke: Christ is Perfect Man

We’re in the middle of a series on how Old Testament messianic themes are presented in the Gospels. If you’re just joining us you can read part one – The Gospel of Matthew: Christ is King here and part two – The Gospel of Mark: Christ Suffers and Serves here.

In this study we’re going to look at the messianic theme of a perfect human Messiah and how that theme is presented in Luke. Then, in our last study in this series, we’ll explore the theme of a divine Messiah, presented in John.

Christ, the Perfect Messiah

In the Old Testament we find that the Messiah is not punished for His transgressions and iniquities but ours in Isaiah 53:2. He is innocent, not committing any violence nor speaking any deceit in Isaiah 53:9.

He is referred to as “The Holy One of Israel” in Isaiah 48:17 and called “The Lord Our Righteousness” in Jeremiah 23:5-6. He is equal with God, and sits at His right hand in Psalm 110:1

This is the Perfect Man presented in the Gospel of Luke.

Luke presents Jesus as Perfect Man — although he’s careful to also present Him as God (Luke 1:32). He traces Jesus’ genealogy back to Adam, tells us the most about His mother, infancy, and childhood. Luke highlights Jesus’ love of people and social outcasts.

Twenty four times Luke refers to Jesus as the Son of man — a title which speaks of His relationship with humanity. Because He is the Son of Man He is able to be mankind’s kinsmen redeemer.

A kinsmen redeemer was a close relative who would buy back something a relative had sold because of debt. Man, in a sense, sold his salvation to pay the sin debt he owed.

By becoming a Man, and living a perfect life, Christ was qualified to become our kinsmen redeemer and buy us back from sin.

“The Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.” Luke 19:10

Next: The Gospel of John: Christ is God

The Gospel of Mark: Christ Suffers & Serves

In our last post we talked about how the Gospel of Matthew presents Christ as King. In this study we’re going to look at the messianic theme of suffering and serving and how this theme is presented in the Gospel of Mark.

As we mentioned last time, we aren’t saying that one Gospel only presents one messianic theme; but just that each emphasizes one theme a bit more than others.

Christ, the Suffering Servant

Though a King, the Old Testament prophets said that the Messiah was going to be rejected. He’s despised, rejected, a man of sorrows, acquainted with grief and one who was to be despised in Isaiah 53:1-3. He is a sanctuary for some but a stone of stumbling for others in Isaiah 8:14.

The prophets also said the Messiah would be a sacrifice. He was to be cut off (or killed), but not for Himself, Daniel 9:26 tells us. He’s wounded for our transgressions, bruised for our iniquities, His soul a sin offering, the Lord lays our sin on Him, and He makes intercession on our behalf in Isaiah 53.

This is the Suffering Servant presented to us in the Gospel of Mark.

The Gospel of Mark can be divided into two sections: The Service of Christ (Chapters 1-13), and the Sacrifice of Christ (Chapters 14-16).

Mark focuses more on what Jesus did rather than what He said. We find more miracles than parables. Three times in the first chapter alone we find Jesus healing people. Overall, Mark records nineteen miracles in only sixteen chapters.

Most of these miracles involve Jesus feeding the poor and healing the sick. “For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister,” Mark 10:45 tells us.

In chapter 11 we find Jesus willingly entering Jerusalem knowing He would be crucified there. Judas plots to betray Him and the Apostles forsake Him in chapter 14. Jesus is alone as He is tried, beaten and sent to the cross in chapters 15.

In chapter 16, after He’s resurrected, Jesus seeks out those who abandoned Him, restores their faith, and sends them out into the world to tell about the Suffering Servant Messiah who died for those He loved.

Next: The Gospel Of Luke; Christ is Perfect Man

The Gospel of Matthew: Christ is King

Old Testament prophecies presented in the Gospels

In the Old Testament we find many prophecies concerning a Messiah (or Savior) that would come to make peace with God on our behalf. As we explore these prophecies we find a few reoccurring themes.

For example, this Messiah is presented as a King, yet one who is familiar with sacrifice and suffering. He’s presented as a man, but also as divine.

When we get to the New Testament, we find these prophecies fulfilled in Jesus Christ. We also find that each Gospel highlights one of these Old Testament messianic themes. Matthew highlights Christ’s royalty, Mark highlights His suffering, Luke highlights His humanity and John highlights His divinity.

This isn’t to say that one Gospel only presents one theme; it just means that each emphasizes one theme a bit more than others.

So, with this in mind, we’re going to take a look at these Old Testament themes and how they’re presented in the Gospels. In this study we’ll start with the Gospel of Matthew.

Christ, the King

In the Old Testament, the Messiah is portrayed as a King, that’s why the ancient rabbis often referred to Him as “King Messiah”.

He’s the Star out of Jacob and the Scepter that rises out of Israel in Numbers 24:17. He is the One who sits on David’s throne in Isaiah 9:7. He comes with the clouds of heaven to reign over a kingdom where all people, nations, and languages, will serve Him in Daniel 7:13-14.

In His kingdom the nations will no longer lift up the sword against one another in Isaiah 2:4, and His reign, we’re promised, will have no end in Isaiah 9:6-7.

This is the King Messiah presented to us in the Gospel of Matthew.

Jesus Christ is the “Son of David, the Son of Abraham” in Matthew 1:1 and the “King of the Jews” who wise men seek to worship in Matthew 2:2. Forty times He speaks of the kingdom of heaven and says that the day would come when He would return in the clouds to establish His kingdom on earth in Matthew 26:64.

Jesus is asked directly, “Are you the King of the Jews?” to which He replies, “I am” in Matthew 27:11. This infuriated the religious leaders who demanded He be crucified. As He hung on the cross a sign was put over His head that read, “This Is Jesus, The King Of The Jews.”

In Matthew 28:6 Jesus proves He is also King over death by rising from the grave. In Matthew 28:19 He commands His followers to tell the world about the King who died for sin, forgives all who call on His name, and will return again.

Next: The Gospel of Mark: Christ Suffers and Serves