We’re in the middle of a series on how Old Testament messianic themes are presented in the Gospels. If you’re just joining us you can read part one – The Gospel of Matthew: Christ is King here and part two – The Gospel of Mark: Christ Suffers and Serves here.
In this study we’re going to look at the messianic theme of a perfect human Messiah and how that theme is presented in Luke. Then, in our last study in this series, we’ll explore the theme of a divine Messiah, presented in John.
Christ, the Perfect Messiah
In the Old Testament we find that the Messiah is not punished for His transgressions and iniquities but ours in Isaiah 53:2. He is innocent, not committing any violence nor speaking any deceit in Isaiah 53:9.
He is referred to as “The Holy One of Israel” in Isaiah 48:17 and called “The Lord Our Righteousness” in Jeremiah 23:5-6. He is equal with God, and sits at His right hand in Psalm 110:1
This is the Perfect Man presented in the Gospel of Luke.
Luke presents Jesus as Perfect Man — although he’s careful to also present Him as God (Luke 1:32). He traces Jesus’ genealogy back to Adam, tells us the most about His mother, infancy, and childhood. Luke highlights Jesus’ love of people and social outcasts.
Twenty four times Luke refers to Jesus as the Son of man — a title which speaks of His relationship with humanity. Because He is the Son of Man He is able to be mankind’s kinsmen redeemer.
A kinsmen redeemer was a close relative who would buy back something a relative had sold because of debt. Man, in a sense, sold his salvation to pay the sin debt he owed.
By becoming a Man, and living a perfect life, Christ was qualified to become our kinsmen redeemer and buy us back from sin.
“The Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.” Luke 19:10
Next: The Gospel of John: Christ is God