Old Testament prophecies presented in the Gospels
In the Old Testament we find many prophecies concerning a Messiah (or Savior) that would come to make peace with God on our behalf. As we explore these prophecies we find a few reoccurring themes.
For example, this Messiah is presented as a King, yet one who is familiar with sacrifice and suffering. He’s presented as a man, but also as divine.
When we get to the New Testament, we find these prophecies fulfilled in Jesus Christ. We also find that each Gospel highlights one of these Old Testament messianic themes. Matthew highlights Christ’s royalty, Mark highlights His suffering, Luke highlights His humanity and John highlights His divinity.
This isn’t to say that one Gospel only presents one theme; it just means that each emphasizes one theme a bit more than others.
So, with this in mind, we’re going to take a look at these Old Testament themes and how they’re presented in the Gospels. In this study we’ll start with the Gospel of Matthew.
Christ, the King
In the Old Testament, the Messiah is portrayed as a King, that’s why the ancient rabbis often referred to Him as “King Messiah”.
He’s the Star out of Jacob and the Scepter that rises out of Israel in Numbers 24:17. He is the One who sits on David’s throne in Isaiah 9:7. He comes with the clouds of heaven to reign over a kingdom where all people, nations, and languages, will serve Him in Daniel 7:13-14.
In His kingdom the nations will no longer lift up the sword against one another in Isaiah 2:4, and His reign, we’re promised, will have no end in Isaiah 9:6-7.
This is the King Messiah presented to us in the Gospel of Matthew.
Jesus Christ is the “Son of David, the Son of Abraham” in Matthew 1:1 and the “King of the Jews” who wise men seek to worship in Matthew 2:2. Forty times He speaks of the kingdom of heaven and says that the day would come when He would return in the clouds to establish His kingdom on earth in Matthew 26:64.
Jesus is asked directly, “Are you the King of the Jews?” to which He replies, “I am” in Matthew 27:11. This infuriated the religious leaders who demanded He be crucified. As He hung on the cross a sign was put over His head that read, “This Is Jesus, The King Of The Jews.”
In Matthew 28:6 Jesus proves He is also King over death by rising from the grave. In Matthew 28:19 He commands His followers to tell the world about the King who died for sin, forgives all who call on His name, and will return again.
Next: The Gospel of Mark: Christ Suffers and Serves